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JLPT N5 Vocabulary List

This is the list of words you need to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test Level N5.

浴びる (abiru): to take a shower

危ない (abunai): dangerous, risky

あげる (ageru): to give

赤/赤い (aka/akai): red

明るい (akarui): bright, colorful

開ける (akeru): to open

秋 (aki): autumn

開く (aku): to open

甘い (amai): sweet

雨 (ame): rain

あなた (anata): you

兄 (ani): older brother

姉 (ane): older sister

青い (aoi): blue

洗う (arau): to wash

有る (aru): to be, to exist

歩く (aruku): to walk

朝 (asa): morning

朝ご飯 (asagohan): breakfast

明後日 (asatte): day after tomorrow

足 (ashi): foot, leg

明日 (ashita): tomorrow

遊ぶ (asobu): to play

あそこ (asoko): there, over there

頭 (atama): head

暖かい (atatakai): warm, mild

新しい (atarashii): new, fresh

後 (ato): behind after, later

暑い (atsui): hot (weather)

熱い (atsui): hot (thing)

厚い (atsui): thick

会う (au): to meet

晩ご飯 (bangohan): dinner

番号 (bangou): number

勉強 (benkyou): study, diligence

便利 (benri): convenient, handy

帽子 (boushi): hat, cap

病院 (byouin): hospital

病気 (byouki): illness, disease

豚肉 (butaniku): pork

茶色 (chairo): light brown

茶碗 (chawan): rice bowl, tea cup

父 (chichi): father

違う (chigau): to differ (from)

小さい (chiisai): small, little, tiny

近い (chikai): near, close

近く (chikaku): near, neighborhood

地下鉄 (chikatetsu): subway, metro

ちょっと (chotto): a little

ちょうど (choudo): exactly, precisely, just

地図 (chizu): map

台所 (daidokoro): kitchen

大学 (daigaku): university

大丈夫 (daijoubu): safe, all right, okay

段々 (dandan): gradually, little by little

誰 (dare): who

誰か (dareka): someone, somebody

出す (dasu): to take out

出口 (deguchi): exit, gateway

出かける (dekakeru): to go out

電気 (denki): electricity, light

電車 (densha): train, electric train

電話 (denwa): telephone call, phone

出る (deru): to leave, to exit

どちら (dochira): which one

どこ (doko): where

どう (dou): how, in what way, how about

動物 (doubutsu): animal

どうも (doumo): thanks

どうして (doushite): why, for what reason

どうぞ (douzo): please, feel free

土曜日 (doyoubi): Saturday

絵 (e): picture, drawing, painting

映画 (eiga): movie, film

映画館 (eigakan): movie theater, cinema

英語 (eigo): English (language)

駅 (eki): station

鉛筆 (enpitsu): pencil

服 (fuku): clothes

吹く (fuku): to blow (wind)

二人 (futari): two people, pair

二日 (futsuka): second day of the month, two days

降る (furu): to fall (rain)

古い (furui): old (not person)

封筒 (fuutou): envelope

冬 (fuyu): winter

学校 (gakkou): school

学生 (gakusei): student

外国 (gaikoku): foreign country

外国人 (gaikokujin): foreigner

元気 (genki): lively, full of spirit

玄関 (genkan): entranceway, entrance hall

月曜日 (getsuyoubi): Monday

銀行 (ginkou): bank

牛肉 (gyuuniku): beef

牛乳 (gyuunyuu): milk

五 (go): five

午後 (gogo): afternoon, p.m.

ご飯 (gohan): cooked rice, meal

午前 (gozen): morning, a.m.

歯 (ha): tooth

八 (hachi): eight

葉書 (hagaki): postcard

母 (haha): mother

入る (hairu): to enter, to go into

灰皿 (haizara): ashtray

始め (hajime): beginning, start

初めて (hajimete): for the first time

始まる (hajimaru): to begin, to start

箱 (hako): box, chest

半分 (hanbun): half

花 (hana): flower, blossom

鼻 (hana): nose

話 (hanashi): talk, speech, chat

話す (hanasu): to talk, to speak

晴れる (hareru): to clear up

春 (haru): spring, springtime

貼る (haru): to stick, to paste

箸 (hashi): chopsticks

橋 (hashi): bridge

走る (hashiru): to run

二十歳 (hatachi): twenty years old

働く (hataraku): to work

二十日 (hatsuka): twentieth day of the month, twenty days

早い (hayai): early

早く (hayaku): early, soon, quickly

速い (hayai): fast, quick

辺 (hen): area, vicinity

下手 (heta): unskillful

部屋 (heya): room, chamber

日 (hi): day, sun

火 (hi): fire, flame

左 (hidari): left, left hand side

東 (higashi): east

弾く (hiku): to play (piano, guitar)

引く (hiku): to pull, to draw

低い (hikui): low (rank), short (height)

飛行機 (hikouki): aeroplane, airplane

暇 (hima): spare time, free time

広い (hiroi): spacious, vast, wide

昼 (hiru): noon, midday

昼ご飯 (hirugohan): lunch, midday meal

人 (hito): person

一人 (hitori): one person, alone

一つ (hitotsu): one

本 (hon): book

本棚 (hondana): bookshelf, bookcase

本当 (hontou): truth, reality

他 (hoka): other, the rest

百 (hyaku): hundred

一 (ichi): one

一番 (ichiban): number one, first, first place

一日 (ichinichi): one day

家 (ie): house, residence

いい (ii): good

否 (iie): no, nay

池 (ike): pond

行く (iku): to go

幾ら (ikura): how much, how many

幾つ (ikutsu): how many, how old

今 (ima): now, the present time

意味 (imi): meaning, significance

妹 (imouto): younger sister

犬 (inu): dog

入れる (ireru): to put in, to let in

入口 (iriguchi): entrance, gate

色 (iro): color, complexion

色々 (iroiro): various

要る (iru): to need, to want

医者 (isha): (medical) doctor, physician

忙しい (isogashii): busy, occupied

一緒 (issho): together

椅子 (isu): chair, stool

痛い (itai): painful, sore

五日 (itsuka): fifth day of the month, five days

いつも (itsumo): always, usually

五つ (itsutsu): five

言う (iu): to say, to utter

嫌 (iya): disagreeable, detestable

字引 (jibiki): dictionary

自分 (jibun): myself, yourself, oneself

自動車 (jidousha): automobile

時間 (jikan): time, hours

辞書 (jisho): dictionary

自転車 (jitensha): bicycle

上手 (jouzu): skill, skillful

授業 (jugyou): lesson, class work

鞄 (kaban): bag

花瓶 (kabin): (flower) vase

角 (kado): corner, edge

帰る (kaeru): to return, to come home

返す (kaesu): to return (something)

鍵 (kagi): key, lock

階段 (kaidan): stairs, stairway

買物 (kaimono): shopping

会社 (kaisha): company, corporation

書く (kaku): to write, to compose

紙 (kami): paper

漢字 (kanji): Chinese characters

体 (karada): body, torso

辛い (karai): spicy, hot

借りる (kariru): to borrow

軽い (karui): light (not heavy)

傘 (kasa): umbrella

貸す (kasu): to lend, to loan

方 (kata): person

家庭 (katei): home, family, household

買う (kau): to buy, to purchase

可愛い (kawaii): cute, adorable

家族 (kazoku): family, members of a family

風 (kaze): wind, breeze

風邪 (kaze): cold, influenza

川 (kawa): river, stream

警官 (keikan): police officer, policeman

結婚 (kekkon): marriage

結構 (kekkou): spenlid, nice, okay

今朝 (kesa): this morning

消す (kesu): to erase, to delete

木 (ki): tree

消える (kieru): to go out, to vanish

黄色い (kiiroi): yellow

昨日 (kinou): yesterday

金曜日 (kin’youbi): Friday

切符 (kippu): ticket

嫌い (kirai): dislike, hate

切る (kiru): to cut

着る (kiru): to wear, to put on

喫茶店 (kissaten): coffee shop

北 (kita): north

汚い (kitanai): dirty, filthy

切手 (kitte): stamp (postage)

九 (kyuu): nine

声 (koe): voice

ここ (koko): here

九日 (kokonoka): ninth day of the month, nine days

困る (komaru): to be troubled, to be worried

今晩 (konban): tonight, this evening

今週 (konshuu): this week

交番 (kouban): police box

紅茶 (koucha): black tea

公園 (kouen): (public) park

子供 (kodomo): child, children

答える (kotaeru): to answer, to reply

言葉 (kotoba): language, dialect

今年 (kotoshi): this year

交差点 (kousaten): crossing, intersection

聞く (kiku): to hear, to listen

奇麗 (kirei): pretty, lovely, beautiful

去年 (kyonen): last year

今日 (kyou): today, this day

兄弟 (kyoudai): siblings, brothers and sisters

教室 (kyoushitsu): classroom, department

口 (kuchi): mouth, opening, hole

果物 (kudamono): fruit

曇り (kumori): cloudiness, cloudy weather

国 (kuni): country, state, region

暗い (kurai): dark, gloomy

黒い (kuroi): black, dark

来る (kuru): to come

車 (kuruma): car, automobile

薬 (kusuri): medicine

靴 (kutsu): shoes, boots

靴下 (kutsushita): socks

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町 (machi): town, block

まだ (mada): still, not yet

前 (mae): front, ahead, previous

毎朝 (maiasa): every morning

毎晩 (maiban): every night

毎月 (maitsuki/maigetsu): every month

毎日 (mainichi): every day

毎週 (maishuu): every week

毎年 (maitoshi): every year, yearly

窓 (mado): window

曲がる (magaru): to bend, to curve

万 (man): ten thousand

丸い (marui): round, circular

また (mata): again, also

待つ (matsu): to wait, to look forward to

不味い (mazui): unappetizing, unsavory

目 (me): eye, eyeball

眼鏡 (megane): spectacles, glasses

道 (michi): road, street, way

緑 (midori): green

磨く (migaku): to polish, to shine

右 (migi): right, right hand side

短い (mijikai): short

耳 (mimi): ear

南 (minami): south

皆 (minna): all, everyone

見る (miru): to see, to look, to watch

店 (mise): store, shop

見せる (miseru): to show, to display

水 (mizu): water

門 (mon): gate

問題 (mondai): question, problem

持つ (motsu): to hold (in one’s hands)

木曜日 (mokuyoubi): Thursday

六日 (muika): sixth day of the month, six days

向こう (mukou): opposite side, other side

村 (mura): village

難しい (muzukashii): difficult, hard

長い (nagai): long, lengthy

中 (naka): inside, in, among

鳴く (naku): to sing (bird)

無くす (nakusu): to lose something

名前 (namae): name, full name

何 (nani): what

七日 (nanoka): seventh day of the month, seven days

並ぶ (narabu): to stand in a line

並べる (naraberu): to line up

習う (narau): to be taught, to learn (from a teacher)

なる (naru): to become

夏 (natsu): summer

猫 (neko): cat

寝る (neru): to go to bed

二 (ni): two

日曜日 (nichiyoubi): Sunday

賑やか (nigiyaka): bustling, busy, lively

肉 (niku): flesh, meat

荷物 (nimotsu): luggage, baggage

西 (nishi): west

庭 (niwa): garden, yard

登る (noboru): to ascend, to go up

飲物 (nomimono): drink, beverage

飲む (nomu): to drink, to gulp

乗る (noru): to get on (train, plane, bus, ship)

脱ぐ (nugu): to take off (clothes, shoes)

伯母さん (obasan): aunt

お祖母さん (obaasan): grandmother

お弁当 (obentou): Japanese lunch box

覚える (oboeru): to memorize, to remember

お茶 (ocha): tea

お風呂 (ofuro): bath

美味しい (oishii): delicious, tasty

お母さん (okaasan): mother

お金 (okane): money

お菓子 (okashi): sweets, candy

起きる (okiru): to get up, to rise

置く (oku): to put, to place

奥さん (okusan): wife, your wife, his wife

お巡りさん (omawarisan): police officer

重い (omoi): heavy, weighty

面白い (omoshiroi): interesting, fascinating

お腹 (onaka): stomach

音楽 (ongaku): music

女 (onna): female, woman

同じ (onaji): same, identical

お姉さん (oneesan): elder sister

お兄さん (oniisan): elder brother

女の子 (onna no ko): girl

多い (ooi): many, numerous, a lot

大きい (ookii): big, large, great

大勢 (oozei): many, crowd, great number of people

降りる (oriru): to descend, to get off

お皿 (osara): plate, dish

教える (oshieru): to teach, to instruct

遅い (osoi): slow, late

押す (osu): to push, to press

お手洗い (otearai): toilet, restroom

男 (otoko): man, male

男の子 (otoko no ko): boy

大人 (otona): adult

一昨日 (ototoi): day before yesterday

お父さん (otousan): father, dad

一昨年 (ototoshi): year before last

弟 (otouto): younger brother

終わる (owaru): to finish, to end

泳ぐ (oyogu): to swim

来月 (raigetsu): next month

来年 (rainen): next year

来週 (raishuu): next week

冷蔵庫 (reizouko): refrigerator

練習 (renshuu): practice

六 (roku): six

廊下 (rouka): corridor, hallway

旅行 (ryokou): travel, trip

料理 (ryouri): cooking, cuisine

両親 (ryoushin): parents, both parents

留学生 (ryuugakusei): overseas student

歳 (sai): years old

財布 (saifu): purse, wallet

魚 (sakana): fish

酒 (sake): alcohol, sake

先 (saki): previous, prior, former

咲く (saku): to bloom

作文 (sakubun): writing (an essay), composition

寒い (samui): cold

三 (san): three

散歩 (sanpo): walk, stroll

再来年 (sarainen): year after next

砂糖 (satou): sugar

背 (se): height, stature

背広 (sebiro): business suit

生徒 (seito): pupil

石鹸 (sekken): soap

狭い (semai): narrow, confined

千 (sen): thousand

先月 (sengetsu): last month

先生 (sensei): teacher, master, doctor

先週 (senshuu): last week

洗濯 (sentaku): washing, laundry

四 (shi, yon): four

七 (shichi, nana): seven

写真 (shashin): photograph, photo, picture

仕事 (shigoto): work, job

閉まる (shimaru): to be shut, to close

閉める (shimeru): to close, to shut

締める (shimeru): to tie, to fasten

新聞 (shinbun): newspaper

死ぬ (shinu): to die, to pass away

塩 (shio): salt

白い (shiroi): white

知る (shiru): to be aware of, to know

下 (shita): below, down, under

質問 (shitsumon): question, inquiry

静か (shizuka): quiet, silent

食堂 (shokudou): dining room, dining hall

醤油 (shouyu): soy sauce

宿題 (shukudai): homework

側 (soba): near, close, beside

空 (sora): sky

外 (soto): outside, exterior

掃除 (souji): cleaning, sweeping

すぐ: immediately

水曜日 (suiyoubi): Wednesday

好き (suki): liking, fondness, love

少し (sukoshi): small quantity, little

少ない (sukunai): few, a little

住む (sumu): to live, to reside

する (suru): to do

吸う (suu): to smoke, to breathe in

座る (suwaru): to sit

涼しい (suzushii): cool, refreshing

煙草 (tabako): tabacco, cigarette

食べ物 (tabemono): food

食べる (taberu): to eat

多分 (tabun): perhaps, probably

大変 (taihen): very, greatly, immense

大切 (taisetsu): important, necessary

大使館 (taishikan): embassy

高い (takai): high, tall, expensive

沢山 (takusan): a lot, plenty, many

卵 (tamago): egg, spawn

誕生日 (tanjoubi): birthday

楽しい (tanoshii): enjoyable, fun

頼む (tanomu): to request, to beg, to ask

建物 (tatemono): building

立つ (tatsu): to stand, to rise

手 (te): hand

手紙 (tegami): letter

天気 (tenki): weather

戸 (to): door

飛ぶ (tobu): to fly

友達 (tomodachi): friend, companion

止まる (tomaru): to stop (moving)

隣 (tonari): neighbor, next to

十日 (tooka): tenth day of the month, ten days

鳥 (tori): bird

取る (toru): to take, to pick up

年 (toshi): year, age

図書館 (toshokan): library

時計 (tokei): watch, clock

時々 (tokidoki): sometimes, at times

所 (tokoro): place, spot, scene

遠い (tooi): far, distant

撮る (toru): to take (a photo), to record (a video)

とても (totemo): very, exceedingly

疲れる (tsukareru): to get tired

次 (tsugi): next, following

使う (tsukau): to use, to make use of

一日 (tsuitachi): first day of the month

着く (tsuku): to arrive at, to reach

机 (tsukue): desk

作る (tsukuru): to make, to produce

詰まらない (tsumaranai): dull, uninteresting

冷たい (tsumetai): cold (to the touch)

勤める (tsutomeru): to work (for), to be employed (at)

強い (tsuyoi): strong, powerful

上 (ue): above, up, over

生まれる (umareru): to be born

海 (umi): sea, ocean

売る (uru): to sell

煩い (urusai): noisy, loud

後ろ (ushiro): back, behind, rear

薄い (usui): thin, pale, light

歌 (uta): song

歌う (utau): to sing

上着 (uwagi): coat, jacket

若い (wakai): young, youthful

分かる (wakaru): to understand, to comprehend

悪い (warui): bad, poor, inferior

忘れる (wasureru): to forget

私 (watashi): I, me

渡る (wataru): to cross over

渡す (watasu): to hand over, to hand in

山 (yama): mountain

やる (yaru): to do

野菜 (yasai): vegetable

安い (yasui): cheap, inexpensive

休み (yasumi): rest, recess

休む (yasumu): to be absent, to take a day off

呼ぶ (yobu): to call out, to call

四日 (yokka): fourth day of the month, four days

横 (yoko): horizontal

読む (yomu): to read

夜 (yoru): evening, night

洋服 (youfuku): Western-style clothes

八日 (youka): eight day of the month, eight days

弱い (yowai): weak, frail, delicate

雪 (yuki): snow

ゆっくり (yukkuri): slowly, at ease

郵便局 (yuubinkyoku): post office

有名 (yuumei): famous

雑誌 (zasshi): journal, magazine

全部 (zenbu): all, entire, whole

KATAKANA

アパート (apaato): apartment

バス (basu): bus

ベッド (beddo): bed

デパート (depaato): department store

ドア (doa): door (Western style)

エレベータ (erebeeta): elevator

フォーク (fooku): fork

ギター (gitaa): guitar

グラム (guramu): gram

ホテル (hoteru): hotel

カメラ (kamera): camera

キロ (kiro): kilogram

コーヒー (koohii): coffee

コート (kooto): coat

コップ (koppu): glass

クラス (kurasu): class

パーティー (paatii): party

ペン (pen): pen

ペット (petto): pet

ポケット (poketto): pocket

プール (puuru): swimming pool

セーター (seetaa): sweater, jumper

シャワー (shawaa): shower

シャツ (shatsu): shirt

スカート (sukaato): skirt

スポーツ (supootsu): sport

スプーン (supuun): spoon

スリッパ (surippa): slippers

ストーブ (sutoobu): heater, stove

タクシー (takushii): taxi

テーブル (teeburu): table

テープ (teepu): tape

テープレコーダー (teepu rekoodaa): tape recorder

テレビ (terebi): television, TV

テスト (tesuto): test

トイレ (toire): toilet, restroom

ゼロ (zero): zero, naught

ズボン (zubon): trousers, pants

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