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JLPT N3 Vocabulary List

This is the list of words you need to study for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test Level N3.

油 (abura): oil

愛 (ai): love, affection, care

愛情 (aijou): love, affection

相変わらず (aikawarazu): as ever, as usual, the same

生憎 (ainiku): unfortunately; sorry, but…

愛する (aisuru): to love

相手 (aite): companion, partner

合図 (aizu): sign, signal

明かり (akari): light, illumination, glow

明ける (akeru): to dawn, to end (of a period, season)

空き (aki): space, room, emptiness

空き家 (akiya): vacant house, unoccupied house​

明らか (akiraka): obvious, evident, clear

諦める (akirameru): to give up, to abandon

飽きる (akiru): to get tired of

悪魔 (akuma): demon, evil

握手 (akushu): handshake

余る (amaru): to remain, to be left over

編む (amu): to knit, to braid​

案 (an): idea, plan, thought

汗 (ase): sweat, perspiration

穴 (ana): hole, deficit, vacancy

暗記 (anki): memorization

安定 (antei): stability, equilibrium

粗い (arai): coarse, rough​

嵐 (arashi): storm, tempest

新た (arata): new, fresh, novel

現れる (arawareru): to appear, to come in sight

表す (arawasu): to represent, to show, to display

有らゆる (arayuru): all, every

足元 (ashimoto): at one’s feet, under foot

与える (ataeru): to give, to bestow

値 (atai): price, cost

辺り (atari): neighborhood, nearby

当たる (ataru): to be hit, to strike

温める (atatameru): to warm, to heat​

跡 (ato): trace, tracks, mark

扱う (atsukau): to deal with, to treat

集まり (atsumari): gathering, meeting

慌てる (awateru): to panic​, to rush

誤り (ayamari): error, mistake, slip

泡 (awa): bubble, foam

哀れ (aware): pity, sorrow, grief

合わせる (awaseru): to match, to join together

預ける (azukeru): to give into custody

場 (ba): place, spot, scene

馬鹿 (baka): fool, idiot

莫大 (bakudai): enormous, vast

爆発 (bakuhatsu): explosion, detonation

場面 (bamen): scene, setting

ばらばら: scattered, in pieces

罰する (bassuru): to punish, to penalize

弁護士 (bengoshi): lawyer, attorney​

別々 (betsubetsu): separately, individually​

美人 (bijin): beautiful woman

びっくり: to be surprised

微妙 (bimyou): delicate, subtle

瓶 (bin): bottle, jar

便 (bin): mail, post, flight

ぼんやり: absentmindedly

募集 (boshuu): recruitment, taking applications​, raising (funds)

棒 (bou): pole, rod, stick

冒険 (bouken): adventure, risk

部分 (bubun): portion, section, part

部品 (buhin): parts, components​

無事 (buji): safety, peace

武器 (buki): weapon, arms

物価 (bukka): prices of commodities

文 (bun): sentence

分 (bun): part, segment, share

文明 (bunmei): civilization

分類 (bunrui): categorization, sorting​

分析 (bunseki): analysis

文章 (bunshou): essay, article, composition

分野 (bun’ya): field, sphere

ぶらぶら: strolling, wandering

無沙汰 (busata): not writing or contacting for a while

物質 (busshitsu): material, substance

舞台 (butai): stage

打つかる (butsukaru): to strike against, to collide with

物理 (butsuri): physics

秒 (byou): second

平等 (byoudou): equality, evenness

父親 (chichioya): father

知恵 (chie): wisdom, wit

違い (chigai): difference, discrepancy

地平線 (chiheisen): horizon

地方 (chihou): district, region, area

地位 (chii): social position, status

地域 (chiiki): area, region

知事 (chiji): prefectural governor

地下 (chika): basement, cellar

近頃 (chikagoro): lately, recently

近道 (chikamichi): short way, shortcut​

力強い (chikarazuyoi): powerful, strong

遅刻 (chikoku): lateness, late coming

地区 (chiku): district, section, sector

地球 (chikyuu): the earth, the globe

知能 (chinou): intelligence, brain

知識 (chishiki): knowledge, information

貯金 (chokin): savings

直接 (chokusetsu): direct, immediate

著者 (chosha): author, writer

頂上 (choujou): top, summit, peak

長期 (chouki): long-term

調査 (chousa): investigation, examination

調子 (choushi): tone, condition, health

長所 (chousho): strong point, merit, virtue

朝食 (choushoku): breakfast
中学 (chuugaku): middle school

中間 (chuukan): middle, midway, center

中古 (chuuko): used, second-hand

注目 (chuumoku): notice, attention

注文 (chuumon): order, request

駐車 (chuusha): parking

中止 (chuushi): suspension, stoppage

中心 (chuushin): center, middle, core

中心地 (chuushinchi): center, metropolis​

昼食 (chuushoku): lunch, midday meal

中央 (chuuou): centre, middle

代 (dai): cost, price​, generation

大部分 (daibubun): most part, majority

代表 (daihyou): representative

代表者 (daihyousha): representative, delegate​

大臣 (daijin): cabinet minister

代金 (daikin): price, payment, cost

代理 (dairi): representation, agency

大成功 (daiseikou): huge success​

大小 (daishou): sizes (various), large and small​

大都会 (daitokai): metropolis, big city​

大統領 (daitouryou): president, chief executive

黙る (damaru): to be silent

段 (dan): steps, stair, grade, rank

だんだん: gradually, little by little

男女 (danjo): men and women, both genders

男子 (danshi): youth, young man

団体 (dantai): organization, association

だるい: sluggish, bothersome

出会い (deai): meeting, encounter

出会う (deau): to meet (by chance)

出来事 (dekigoto): incident, affair

電池 (denchi): battery, cell​

伝言 (dengon): verbal message

電球 (denkyuu): light bulb

電子 (denshi): electron

電子レンジ (denshi renji): microwave oven

伝統 (dentou): tradition, convention

度 (do): degree, counter for occurrences​

どきどき: to beat fast (of one’s heart)

毒 (doku): poison, toxicant

独立 (dokuritsu): independence

独身 (dokushin): single, unmarried

読書 (dokusho): reading

独特 (dokutoku): peculiarity, uniqueness

泥 (doro): mud, dirt

努力 (doryoku): great effort, exertion

同一 (douitsu): identical, same

当時 (touji): at that time, in those days

同時 (douji): simultaneous, concurrent

銅貨 (douka): copper coin

どうか: please, one way or another​

同級生 (doukyuusei): classmate

道路 (douro): road, highway

同僚 (douryou): coworker, colleague

動詞 (doushi): verb

どうしても: by all means, at any cost

道徳 (doutoku): morals

同様 (douyou): identical, same

柄 (e): handle, grip

描く (egaku): to draw, to paint

笑顔 (egao): smiling face

永遠 (eien): eternity

営業 (eigyou): business, trade

影響 (eikyou): influence, effect

永久 (eikyuu): eternity

衛星 (eisei): satellite

栄養 (eiyou): nutrition, nourishment

円 (en): Japanese money unit

演技 (engi): acting, performance

援助 (enjo): assistance, aid

延期 (enki): postponement

遠足 (ensoku): excursion, outing, trip​

演奏 (ensou): musical performance

演説 (enzetsu): speech, address

得る (eru): to get, to gain, to acquire

餌 (esa): feed, bait

不安 (fuan): anxiety, uneasiness

縁 (fuchi): rim, edge, brink

普段 (fudan): usual, habitual

筆 (fude): writing brush

笛 (fue): flute, pipe

不平 (fuhei): complaint, dissatisfaction

夫人 (fujin): wife, madam

婦人 (fujin): woman, lady, adult female

不自由 (fujiyuu): discomfort, inconvenience

不可 (fuka): wrong, bad, improper

不可能 (fukanou): impossible

不幸 (fukou): unhappiness, sorrow

含む (fukumu): to contain, to comprise

袋 (fukuro): bag, sack

服装 (fukusou): garments, attire

不満 (fuman): dissatisfaction, displeasure

雰囲気 (fun’iki): atmosphere

ふらふら: unsteadily, shakily

触れる (fureru): to touch, to feel

不利 (furi): disadvantage, handicap

振る (furu): to wave, to shake

震える (furueru): to shiver, to shake

防ぐ (fusegu): to defend, to protect

不正 (fusei): injustice, unfairness

節 (fushi): joint, knuckle, tune

不思議 (fushigi): wonder, miracle, strange

不足 (fusoku): insufficiency

双子 (futago): twins

沸騰 (futtou): boiling, becoming heated

夫婦 (fuufu): married couple, spouses

風景 (fuukei): scenery, landscape

不要 (fuyou): unnecessary, unneeded

不用 (fuyou): disused, unused

不用品 (fuyouhin): disused article​

害 (gai): injury, harm, damage

外国語 (gaikokugo): foreign language​

外国産 (gaikokusan): of foreign manufacture​

外交 (gaikou): diplomacy

外食 (gaishoku): eating out, dining out​

外出 (gaishutsu): going out

画家 (gaka): painter, artist

がっかり (gakkari): feel disappointed

学期 (gakki): school term

楽器 (gakki): musical instrument​

学 (gaku): learning, scholarship

学部 (gakubu): department of a university​

学問 (gakumon): learning, study

学者 (gakusha): scholar

学習 (gakushuu): study, learning

画面 (gamen): terminal screen

柄 (gara): pattern, design

芸術 (geijutsu): art, the arts

外科 (geka): surgery, department of surgery

劇 (geki): drama, play

劇場 (gekijou): theater

現場 (genba): actual spot, scene

現代 (gendai): nowadays, modern era

言語 (gengo): language

現実 (genjitsu): reality, actuality

現状 (genjou): present condition

限界 (genkai): limit, bound

現金 (genkin): cash, ready money

現象 (genshou): phenomenon

減少 (genshou): decrease, decline

現在 (genzai): now, current

議長 (gichou): chairman

議員 (giin): member of the Diet

議会 (gikai): congress, parliament

疑問 (gimon): question, doubt

義務 (gimu): duty, obligation

銀 (gin): silver

議論 (giron): argument, discussion

技師 (gishi): engineer, technician

語 (go): language

語学 (gogaku): language study

豪華 (gouka): wonderful, gorgeous

誤解 (gokai): misunderstanding

極 (goku): quite, very

塵 (gomi): rubbish, trash

合格 (goukaku): passing (exam), success

合計 (goukei): total amount

強盗 (goutou): robber, mugger

軍 (gun): army, troop

軍隊 (guntai): armed forces

ぐっすり (gussuri): sound sleep

具体 (gutai): concrete, tangible

偶然 (guuzen): by chance, unexpectedly

逆 (gyaku): reverse, opposite

行儀 (gyougi): manners, behavior

幅 (haba): width, breadth

省く (habuku): to omit, to leave out

肌 (hada): skin

裸 (hadaka): naked, nude

派手 (hade): showy, flashy

生える (haeru): to grow, to spring up

激しい (hageshii): violent, furious

母親 (hahaoya): mother

灰 (hai): ashes

掃く (haku): to sweep, to brush

歯磨き (hamigaki): brushing one’s teeth​

配送 (haisou): delivery

配達 (haitatsu): delivery, distribution

俳優 (haiyuu): actor, actress

始まり (hajimari): origin, beginning

墓 (haka): grave, tomb

計る (hakaru): to measure, to weigh

博士 (hakase): doctorate

発見 (hakken): discovery, finding

発行 (hakkou): issue, publishing

履く (haku): to wear, to put on

吐く (haku): to vomit, to throw up

博物館 (hakubutsukan): museum

拍手 (hakushu): applause

花火 (hanabi): fireworks

離れる (hanareru): to be separated

話し合う (hanashiau): to discuss

話しかける (hanashikakeru): to start a conversation

離す (hanasu): to separate, to part

放す (hanasu): to release, to let go

花束 (hanataba): bunch of flowers, bouquet​

花屋 (hanaya): florist, flower shop​

羽 (hane): feather, down

販売 (hanbai): sales, selling

判断 (handan): judgment, decision

範囲 (han’i): range, scope, extent

反抗 (hankou): opposition, resistance

犯人 (hannin): offender, criminal

半年 (hantoshi): half year​

犯罪 (hanzai): crime, offense

発表 (happyou): announcement

腹 (hara): abdomen, stomach

原 (hara): field, plain

針 (hari): needle, pin

鋏 (hasami): scissors

破産 (hasan): bankruptcy

端 (hashi): end, edge

発車 (hassha): departure of a vehicle

発生 (hassei): outbreak, occurrence

旗 (hata): flag

畑 (hatake): field

働き (hataraki): work, labor

発達 (hattatsu): development, growth

発展 (hatten): development, growth

発売 (hatsubai): sale, launch (product)​

発明 (hatsumei): invention

早めに (hayame ni): ahead of time

外す (hazusu): to undo, to remove

塀 (hei): wall, fence

平方メートル (heihou meetoru): square meter​

平日 (heijitsu): weekday, ordinary days

平均 (heikin): average, mean

平和 (heiwa): peace, harmony

変化 (henka): change, alteration

変更 (henkou): change, modification

返却 (henkyaku): return of something, repayment​

減らす (herasu): to abate, to decrease

減る (heru): to decrease, to diminish

費 (hi): cost, expense​

冷える (hieru): to grow cold, to get chilly

被害 (higai): (suffering) damage, harm

悲劇 (higeki): tragedy

批判 (hihan): criticism, judgment

批評 (hihyou): criticism, review

非常 (hijou): emergency, extraordinary

比較 (hikaku): comparison

引き受ける (hikiukeru): to undertake, to accept

飛行 (hikou): aviation, flight

轢く (hiku): to run over (with a vehicle)

秘密 (himitsu): secret, secrecy

紐 (himo): string, cord

引っ張る (hipparu): to pull, to draw

広がる (hirogaru): to spread out, to extend

昼寝 (hirune): nap (afternoon), siesta​

必死 (hisshi): frantic, desperate

額 (hitai): forehead, brow

否定 (hitei): negation, denial

人々 (hitobito): people; men and women

人込み (hitogomi): crowd of people

一言 (hitokoto): single word, a few words

一人暮らし (hitorigurashi): living by oneself, living alone​

等しい (hitoshii): equal

費用 (hiyou): cost, expense

膝 (hiza): knee, lap

日付 (hizuke): date

略 (hobo): almost, roughly

歩道 (hodou): footpath, walkway

吠える (hoeru): to bark, to howl

微笑む (hohoemu): to smile

誇り (hokori): pride, boast

埃 (hokori): dust

歩行者 (hokousha): pedestrian, walker​

骨 (hone): bone

本気 (honki): seriousness, earnestness, truth

本物 (honmono): genuine article

本人 (honnin): the person himself

炎 (honoo): flame, blaze

本屋 (hon’ya): bookstore, bookshop​

頬 (hoo): cheek (of face)

掘る (horu): to dig, to excavate

保証 (hoshou): guarantee, security

干す (hosu): to dry, to drink up

ほっと: with a feeling of relief

保存 (hozon): preservation, conservation

方 (hou): direction, way, side

法 (hou): law, act, principle

放題 (houdai): to one’s heart’s content

豊富 (houfu): abundance, wealth

方法 (houhou): method, way, manner

報告 (houkoku): report, information

方向 (houkou): direction, way

訪問 (houmon): call, visit

宝石 (houseki): gem, jewel

放送 (housou): broadcast, broadcasting

表 (hyou): table, chart, list

評判 (hyouban): fame, reputation

表現 (hyougen): expression, representation

表情 (hyoujou): facial expression

評価 (hyouka): valuation, estimation

表面 (hyoumen): surface, face

胃 (i): stomach

一致 (icchi): match, agreement

位置 (ichi): place, position

市場 (ichiba): market, the market place

一部 (ichibu): one part, one portion

一度に (ichido ni): all at once

一時 (ichiji): time, moment

一応 (ichiou): just in case​, pretty much

一流 (ichiryuu): first-class, top grade

偉大 (idai): greatness

抱く (idaku): to embrace

移動 (idou): movement, transfer

衣服 (ifuku): clothes

意外 (igai): unexpected, surprising

違反 (ihan): violence, offense

委員 (iin): committee member

維持 (iji): maintenance, preservation

異常 (ijou): strangeness, abnormality

一家 (ikka): a house, a home

息 (iki): breath

生き物 (ikimono): living thing, animal

勢い (ikioi): force, vigor, energy

以降 (ikou): hereafter, since

居間 (ima): living room

今に (ima ni): before long, even now

今にも (ima ni mo): at any time, soon

稲 (ine): rice-plant

居眠り (inemuri): nodding off, dozing

命 (inochi): life, life force

飲料 (inryou): beverage, drink​

印刷 (insatsu): printing

飲食 (inshoku): food and drink, eating and drinking​

印象 (inshou): impression

引退 (intai): retire

引用 (in’you): quotation, citation

一般 (ippan): general, universal

一方 (ippou): one way, the other way

以来 (irai): since, henceforth

依頼 (irai): request, commission

苛々 (iraira): getting nervous, irritation

衣類 (irui): clothes, garments​

医療 (iryou): medical care

医師 (ishi): doctor, physician

意思 (ishi): intention, purpose

意志 (ishi): will, volition

意識 (ishiki): consciousness

一生 (isshou): whole life, a lifetime

一種 (isshu): species, kind

一瞬 (isshun): instant, moment

一層 (issou): much more, still more

板 (ita): board, plank

痛み (itami): pain, ache, soreness

痛む (itamu): to hurt

至る (itaru): to arrive at, to reach

悪戯 (itazura): mischief, prank

従兄弟 (itoko): cousin

一体 (ittai): what on earth…

いつの間にか (itsunomanika): before one knows

岩 (iwa): rock

言わば (iwaba): so to speak

祝う (iwau): to congratulate, to celebrate

嫌がる (iyagaru): to hate, to dislike​

以前 (izen): ago, since, before

泉 (izumi): spring, fountain

自動 (jidou): automatic

自動販売機 (jidouhanbaiki): vending machine​

自動車 (jidousha): automobile

事実 (jijitsu): fact, truth, reality

事情 (jijou): circumstances

直に (jika ni): directly, in person

事件 (jiken): event, affair, accident

時期 (jiki): time, season, period

実家 (jikka): (one’s parents’) home​

実験 (jikken): experiment

実行 (jikkou): execution, practice

時刻 (jikoku): instant, time, moment

自慢 (jiman): pride, boast

地面 (jimen): ground; earth’s surface​

事務 (jimu): business, office work

事務室 (jimushitsu): office (room)​

人物 (jinbutsu): person, character, figure

人工 (jinkou): artificial, man-made

人類 (jinrui): mankind, humanity

生 (jinsei): life

人種 (jinshu): race (of people), type of person

時差 (jisa): time difference​

自殺 (jisatsu): suicide

自身 (jishin): by oneself, personally

自信 (jishin): self-confidence

実際 (jissai): practical, reality

実施 (jisshi): enforcement, implementation

実習 (jisshuu): practice (in the field)

事態 (jitai): situation

自宅 (jitaku): one’s home, one’s house​

実現 (jitsugen): implementation

実力 (jitsuryoku): (real) ability, true strength

実は (jitsu wa): as a matter of fact

実用 (jitsuyou): practical use, utility​

徐々 (jojo): gradually, steadily

女子 (joshi): woman, girl

助手 (joshu): helper, assistant

女王 (joou): queen

丈夫 (joubu): healthy, robust, strong

冗談 (joudan): jest, joke

上下 (jouge): up and down​, top and bottom

上品 (jouhin): elegant, polished​

情報 (jouhou): information, news

条件 (jouken): conditions, terms

上空 (joukuu): sky, upper air

乗客 (joukyaku): passenger

上京 (joukyou): proceeding to the capital (Tokyo)

状況 (joukyou): state of affairs

常識 (joushiki): common sense

状態 (joutai): condition, situation

上達 (joutatsu): improvement, advance

上等 (joutou): superiority, first-class

女優 (joyuu): actress

受験 (juken): taking an examination

順 (jun): order, turn

順番 (junban): turn, order of things

順調 (junchou): favorable, doing well

銃 (juu): gun, rifle

重大 (juudai): serious, important

柔道 (juudou): judo

住民 (juumin): citizens, inhabitants

重視 (juushi): importance, stress

渋滞 (juutai): congestion, stagnation

住宅 (juutaku): residence, housing

重要 (juuyou): important, essential

需要 (juyou): demand, request

株 (kabu): stock, share

被る (kaburu): to put on (one’s head)

勝ち (kachi): win, victory

価値 (kachi): value, worth

替える (kaeru): to replace, to exchange

会 (kai): meeting, assembly

回 (kai): counter for occurrences

回復 (kaifuku): recovery

絵画 (kaiga): picture, painting

会合 (kaigou): meeting, assembly

海外 (kaigai): foreign, abroad

会員 (kaiin): member

会計 (kaikei): account, finance

改札 (kaisatsu): ticket gate, ticket barrier​

解決 (kaiketsu): settlement, solution

快晴 (kaisei): clear weather, cloudless weather

会社員 (kaishain): company employee​

解釈 (kaishaku): explanation, interpretation

開始 (kaishi): start, beginning

回収 (kaishuu): collection, retrieval

回数 (kaisuu): number of times, frequency

快適 (kaiteki): pleasant, comfortable

改善 (kaizen): improvement

化学 (kagaku): chemistry

輝く (kagayaku): to shine, to glitter

影 (kage): shadow

加減 (kagen): adjustment, degree, extent

鍵 (kagi): key

限る (kagiru): to restrict, to limit

籠 (kago): basket, cage

家具 (kagu): furniture

家事 (kaji): housework

抱える (kakaeru): to hold in the arms

価格 (kakaku): price, value, cost

かかる: to suffer from

関わる (kakawaru): to be concerned with, to have to do with

欠ける (kakeru): to be lacking

書き直す (kakinaosu): to write out, to rewrite

活気 (kakki): energy, liveliness

過去 (kako): the past, bygone days

囲む (kakomu): to surround, to encircle

各地 (kakuchi): every place, various places​

拡大 (kakudai): magnification

覚悟 (kakugo): resolution, readiness

確実 (kakujitsu): certainty, reliability

確認 (kakunin): confirmation, verification

隠れる (kakureru): to hide, to be hidden

隠す (kakusu): to hide, to conceal

我慢 (gaman): patience, endurance

構う (kamau): to mind, to care about

神 (kami): God, deity

上 (kami): person of high rank, government

雷 (kaminari): lightning, thunder

髪の毛 (kami no ke): hair (head)

科目 (kamoku): school subject

缶 (kan): can, tin

管 (kan): pipe, tube

勘 (kan): perception, intuition

看板 (kanban): signboard, billboard

必ずしも (kanarazushimo): not always

可也 (kanari): considerably, fairly

悲しむ (kanashimu): to be sad, to mourn for

感動 (kandou): feeling deeply moved emotionally

考え (kangae): thinking, thought, view

歓迎 (kangei): welcome, reception

感激 (kangeki): deep emotion, impression

患者 (kanja): patient

感じ (kanji): feeling, sense

感じる (kanjiru): to feel, to sense

勘定 (kanjou): calculation, counting

感情 (kanjou): emotion, feeling

感覚 (kankaku): sense, sensation, feeling

間隔 (kankaku): space, interval​

観光 (kankou): sightseeing

観光客 (kankoukyaku): tourist

観客 (kankyaku): audience, spectator

環境 (kankyou): environment

可能 (kanou): potential, possible

管理人 (kanrinin): administrator, manager

観察 (kansatsu): observation

感謝 (kansha): thanks, gratitude

感想 (kansou): impressions, thoughts

乾燥 (kansou): drying (e.g. clothes), dryness

香り (kaori): fragrance

空 (kara): emptiness, vacuum, blank

彼ら (karera): they (usually male)

枯れる (kareru): to wither (of a plant)

刈る (karu): to cut (hair), to mow (grass)

火災 (kasai): conflagration, fire

重ねる (kasaneru): to pile up, to heap up

稼ぐ (kasegu): to earn income

完成 (kansei): complete, completion

貸出 (kashidashi): lending, loaning

賢い (kashikoi): wise, clever, smart

感心 (kanshin): admiration

関心 (kanshin): concern, interest

関連 (kanren): relation, connection

管理 (kanri): control, management

完了 (kanryou): completion, conclusion

関する (kansuru): to concern, to be related

監督 (kantoku): supervision

歌手 (kashu): singer

型 (kata): model, type

肩 (kata): shoulder

方々 (katagata): they (people), you (plural)

片方 (katahou): one of a pair, one side

固まる (katamaru): to harden, to solidify​

刀 (katana): sword, katana

語り合う (katariau): to talk together

語る (kataru): to talk about

仮定 (katei): assumption, hypothesis

動 (katsudou): action, activity

活用 (katsuyou): practical use

勝手 (katte): one’s own convenience, selfish

飼う (kau): to keep (a pet)

皮 (kawa): skin, pelt

革 (kawa): leather

可愛らしい (kawairashii): lovely, sweet

可哀そう (kawaisou): poor, pitiable

川沿い (kawazoi): along the river, riverside

完全 (kanzen): perfection, completeness

飾り (kazari): decoration

数える (kazoeru): to count

数 (kazu): number

けち: stinginess, cheapskate

経営 (keiei): management

敬意 (keii): respect, honor

掲示 (keiji): notice, bulletin

刑事 (keji): police detective, criminal matter

掲示板 (keijiban): bulletin board, notice board

景気 (keiki): business condition

警告 (keikoku): warning, advice

傾向 (keikou): tendency, trend

計算 (keisan): calculation, reckoning

契約 (keiyaku): contract, agreement

経由 (keiyu): through, via

結果 (kekka): result, consequence

欠陥 (kekkan): defect, fault

結局 (kekkyoku): after all, eventually

煙 (kemuri): smoke, fumes

券 (ken): ticket, coupon

県 (ken): prefecture (of Japan)

建築 (kenchiku): construction, architecture

見学 (kengaku): inspection, field trip

見解 (kenkai): opinion, point of view

健康 (kenkou): health

研究者 (kenkyuusha): researcher

研究所 (kenkyuusho): research institute, laboratory​

憲法 (kenpou): constitution

権利 (kenri): right, privilege

検査 (kensa): inspection, examination

建設 (kensetsu): construction

見当 (kentou): aim, mark, direction

検討 (kentou): consideration, examination

欠席 (kesseki): absence

決心 (kesshin): determination, resolution

化粧 (keshou): make-up, cosmetics

決定 (kettei): decision, determination

欠点 (ketten): weak point, weakness

血圧 (ketsuatsu): blood pressure​

血液 (ketsueki): blood

血液型 (ketsuekigata): blood type

結論 (ketsuron): conclusion

気に入る (ki ni iru): to be pleased with

気の毒 (ki no doku): pitiful, unfortunate

希望 (kibou): hope, wish

希望者 (kibousha): applicant, candidate

きちんと (kichinto): precisely, accurately

貴重 (kichou): precious, valuable

寄付 (kifu): contribution, donation

機嫌 (kigen): humor, temper, mood

期限 (kigen): time limit, deadline

企業 (kigyou): enterprise, undertaking

基本 (kihon): foundation, basis

生地 (kiji): cloth, fabric

記事 (kiji): article, news story

機械 (kikai): machine, mechanism

期間 (kikan): period, term

機関 (kikan): engine, agency, organization

帰国 (kikoku): return to one’s country​

気候 (kikou): climate

効く (kiku): to be effective

決まり (kimari): rule, settlement

気味 (kimi): sensation, feeling

金 (kin): gold

緊張 (kinchou): tension, nervousness

近代 (kindai): present day

禁煙 (kin’en): no smoking

記念品 (kinenhin): souvenir, memento​

金額 (kingaku): amount of money

気になる (ki ni naru): to bother one, to worry about

気にする (ki ni suru): to mind, to care about

金庫 (kinko): safe, vault

筋肉 (kinniku): muscle

金銭 (kinsen): money, cash

禁止 (kinshi): prohibition, ban

金属 (kinzoku): metal

奇妙 (kimyou): strange, queer

記念 (kinen): commemoration

機能 (kinou): function

記入 (kinyuu): entry, filling in forms

金融 (kin’yuu): financing, money circulation

記憶 (kioku): memory, recollection

気温 (kion): atmospheric temperature

霧 (kiri): fog, mist

切れ (kire): piece, slide

切れる (kireru): to break, to snap

記録 (kiroku): record, document

記者 (kisha): reporter

岸 (kishi): bank, coast, shore

基礎 (kiso): foundation, basis​

期待 (kitai): expectation, hope

帰宅 (kitaku): returning home

際 (kiwa): edge, brink, verge

嫌う (kirau): to hate, to dislike

傷 (kizu): wound, injury, cut

器用 (kiyou): dexterous, skillful

気付く (kizuku): to notice, to realize

こぼす: to spill, to drop, to shed

越える (koeru): to cross over

恋 (koi): love

濃い (koi): thick, dense, strong

恋人 (koibito): lover, sweetheart

恋しい (koishii): yearned for, missed

個人 (kojin): individual, personal

国家 (kokka): state, country, nation

国会 (kokkai): National Diet, parliament

国境 (kokkyou): national border

黒板 (kokuban): blackboard

国語 (kokugo): national language

克服 (kokufuku): conquest, overcoming

国民 (kokumin): national, citizen

穀物 (kokumotsu): grain, cereal

故郷 (kokyou): home town, birthplace

呼吸 (kokyuu): breathing, respiration

小麦 (komugi): wheat

今後 (kongo): from now on

今回 (konkai): now, this time

粉 (kona): flour, powder

困難 (konnan): difficulty, distress

今日 (konnichi): this day, these days, recently

好み (konomi): liking, taste

好む (konomu): to like, to prefer

混乱 (konran): disorder, chaos

婚約 (kon’yaku): engagement, betrothal

混雑 (konzatsu): congestion, jam

氷 (koori): ice

凍る (kooru): to freeze

転ぶ (korobu): to fall down

殺す (korosu): to kill

腰 (koshi): lower back, waist

骨折 (kossetsu): bone fracture

異なる (kotonaru): to differ, to vary

断る (kotowaru): to refuse, to reject

諺 (kotowaza): proverb, maxim

好物 (koubutsu): favourite food​

行動 (koudou): action, conduct, behavior

講演 (kouen): lecture, address, speech

幸福 (koufuku): happiness

攻撃 (kougeki): attack, strike

公平 (kouhei): fairness, justice

候補 (kouho): candidate

後方 (kouhou): behind, in the rear

工事 (kouji): construction work​

効果 (kouka): effect, effectiveness

硬貨 (kouka): coin

高価 (kouka): high price

交換 (koukan): exchange, interchange

光景 (koukei): scene, spectacle

貢献 (kouken): contribution

広告 (koukoku): advertisement

航空 (koukuu): aviation, flying

公共 (koukyou): public, community

購入 (kounyuu): purchase, buy

考慮 (kouryo): consideration

交流 (kouryuu): (cultural) exchange, networking

交際 (kousai): association, friendship

構成 (kousei): organization, composition

高速 (kousoku): high speed

後者 (kousha): the latter

交通費 (koutsuuhi): traveling expenses

幸運 (kouun): good luck, fortune

小屋 (koya): hut, cabin, shed

小包 (kozutsumi): parcel, package

配る (kubaru): to distribute, to hand out

区別 (kubetsu): distinction, differentiation

工夫 (kufuu): solving ingeniously​

組 (kumi): set, group

組合 (kumiai): association, union

組み立てる (kumitateru): to assemble, to set up

曇 (kumori): cloudiness, cloudy weather

曇る (kumoru): to get cloudy

組む (kumu): to link, to put together

訓練 (kunren): practice, training

位 (kurai): rank, class, grade

暮らし (kurashi): life, living

暮らす (kurasu): to live

暮れ (kure): sunset, sundown

繰り返す (kurikaesu): to repeat

苦労 (kurou): troubles, hardships


苦しい (kurushii): painful, difficult

苦しむ (kurushimu): to suffer

狂う (kuruu): to go mad

臭い (kusai): stinking, smelly

鎖 (kusari): chain

腐る (kusaru): to rot, to go bad

癖 (kuse): habit

きつい (kutsui): intense, severe, hard

苦痛 (kutsuu): pain, agony

加える (kuwaeru): to add, to sum up

詳しい (kuwashii): detailed

加わる (kuwawaru): to be added to

句 (ku): sentence, passage

食う (kuu): to eat

悔しい (kuyashii): annoying, frustrating

巨大 (kyodai): huge, gigantic

許可 (kyoka): permission, approval

局 (kyoku): bureau, department

距離 (kyori): distance, range​

強調 (kyouchou): emphasis, highlight

共同 (kyoudou): doing together, joint

恐怖 (kyoufu): fear, dread, dismay

競技 (kyougi): game, match

競合 (kyougou): competition, rivalry

教授 (kyouju): professor

教科書 (kyoukasho): textbook

供給 (kyoukyuu): supply, provision

協力 (kyouryoku): cooperation

強力 (kyouryoku): powerful, strong

教師 (kyoushi): teacher (classroom)

共通 (kyoutsuu): commonness, community

共通点 (kyoutsuuten): point in common, common feature​

級 (kyuu): class (school, grade, rank

急に (kyuu ni): swiftly, rapidly

急激 (kyuugeki): sudden, radical

休日 (kyuujitsu): holiday, day off​

救助 (kyuujo): relief, aid

休暇 (kyuuka): holiday, day off

休憩 (kyuukei): rest, break, recess

給料 (kyuuryou): salary, wages

吸収 (kyuushuu): absorption

急速 (kyuusoku): rapid (progress)

眩しい (mabushii): dazzling, radiant​

間違い (machigai): mistake, error, blunder

間違う (machigau): to make a mistake

窓口 (madoguchi): ticket window, counter

孫 (mago): grandchild

迷子 (maigo): lost child, lost person

任せる (makaseru): to entrust, to leave to

負け (make): defeat, loss

幕 (maku): curtain

豆 (mame): beans

守る (mamoru): to protect, to guard

学ぶ (manabu): to study, to learn

真似 (mane): imitating, copying

招く (maneku): to invite, to ask

万一 (man’ichi): by some chance

満点 (manten): perfect score, full marks​

満足 (manzoku): satisfaction, contentment

丸 (maru): circle

真逆 (masaka): by no means, never

正に (masa ni): exactly, surely

増す (masu): to increase, to grow

回り (mawari): rotation

回す (mawasu): to turn, to rotate

迷う (mayou): to lose one’s way

先ず (mazu): first of all, to start with

混ぜる (mazeru): to mix, to stir

貧しい (mazushii): poor

命じる (meijiru): to order, to command

明確 (meikaku): clear, precise

命令 (meirei): order, command

迷惑 (meiwaku): trouble, bother, annoyance

面 (men): face, mask

綿 (men): cotton

面倒 (mendou): trouble, care

免許 (menkyo): license, permit

免許証 (menkyoshou): license, permit

面接 (mensetsu): interview (e.g. for a job)​

飯 (meshi): cooked rice, meal

目覚まし時計 (mezamashidokei): alarm clock​

身 (mi): body, oneself

実 (mi): fruit, nut

身につける (mi ni tsukeru): to learn; to acquire knowledge​

満ちる (michiru): to be full

身近 (midjika): near oneself, close to one

見事 (migoto): splendid, magnificent

味方 (mikata): friend, ally

見舞い (mimai): visiting ill or distressed people

未満 (miman): less than, insufficient​

見送り (miokuri): seeing one off

見送る (miokuru): to see someone off

未来 (mirai): the future

魅力 (miryoku): charm, fascination

認める (mitomeru): to accept, to admit

見つめる (mitsumeru): to stare at, to gaze at

土産 (miyage): present, souvenir

都 (miyako): capital, metropolis

持上げる (mochiageru): to elevate, to raise

持ち運び (mochihakobi): carrying

用いる (mochiiru): to use, to make use of

持ち物 (mochimono): personal effects, one’s belongings​

戻す (modosu): to put back, to give back

燃える (moeru): to burn, to get fired up

文字 (moji): letter (of alphabet)

目標 (mokuhyou): objective, target

目的 (mokuteki): goal, purpose, aim

文句 (monku): complaint, grumbling

者 (mono): person

物語 (monogatari): tale, story

物事 (monogoto): things, everything

物音 (monooto): sounds

盛り (mori): serving, helping

元 (moto): origin, source, base

求める (motomeru): to want, to wish for

最も (mottomo): most, extremely

毛布 (moufu): blanket

申し込み (moushikomi): application, entry

申込書 (moushikomisho): application form

申し込む (moushikomu): to apply for

申し訳 (moushiwake): apology, excuse

模様 (moyou): pattern, design

夢中 (muchuu): daze, ecstasy

無駄 (muda): futility, uselessness

迎え (mukae): meeting, greeting

向かい (mukai): facing, opposite

向ける (mukeru): to turn toward, to point

向く (muku): to face, to turn toward

剥く (muku): to peel, to skin

胸 (mune): chest, breast

無料 (muryou): free, no charge

無視 (mushi): disregarding, ignoring

虫歯 (mushiba): cavity, tooth decay

結ぶ (musubu): to tie, to bind

妙 (myou): strange, unusual

名 (na): name, given name

鍋 (nabe): saucepan, pot

撫でる (naderu): to stroke, to caress

長生き (nagaiki): longevity, long life​

眺め (nagame): view, scene, prospect

眺める (nagameru): to view, to gaze at

流れ (nagare): stream, current, flow

流れる (nagareru): to stream, to flow

流す (nagasu): to drain, to shed

慰める (nagusameru): to comfort, to console

内緒 (naisho): secrecy, confidentiality

内容 (naiyou): contents, matter

仲 (naka): relation, relationship

半ば (nakaba): middle, half

仲間 (nakama): fellow, companion

中身 (nakami): contents, interior

仲直り (nakanaori): reconciliation, make peace with​

生 (nama): raw, uncooked

怠ける (namakeru): to be idle

波 (nami): wave

涙 (namida): tears

直 (nao): straight, ordinary, common

情けない (nasakenai): miserable, pitiable

納得 (nattoku): consent, assent

懐かしい (natsukashii): missed, nostalgic​

縄 (nawa): rope, cord

悩む (nayamu): to be worried

謎 (nazo): riddle, puzzle, mystery

根 (ne): root, source, origin

熱中 (necchuu): going nuts (over something)

値段 (nedan): price, cost

願い (negai): desire, wish

願う (negau): to desire, to wish

年代 (nendai): age, era, period

年中 (nenjuu): whole year, all year round

年間 (nenkan): years (period of)

年齢 (nenrei): age, years

熱帯 (nettai): tropics

鼠 (nezumi): mouse, rat

似合う (niau): to suit, to match

日常 (nichijou): ordinary, everyday

日中 (nicchuu): daytime, during the day

日時 (nichiji): date and time​

日夜 (nichiya): day and night, always, constantly

苦手 (nigate): poor at, weak in

握る (nigiru): to grip, to grasp

日本 (nihon): Japan

日光 (nikkou): sunlight

にっこり (nikkori): smile, grin

人間 (ningen): human being, person

人気 (ninki): popularity

人数 (ninzuu): the number of people​

日程 (nittei): schedule, program

野 (no): plain, field

伸ばす (nobasu): to grow long

述べる (noberu): to state, to express

伸びる (nobiru): to stretch, to extend

軒 (noki): eaves

残り (nokori): remnant, residue

残す (nokosu): to leave (behind)

のんびり (nonbiri): carefree, at leisure

乗せる (noseru): to place on

能 (nou): talent, gift, function

農業 (nougyou): agriculture

農家 (nouka): farmer, farm family

農民 (noumin): farmers, peasants

能力 (nouryoku): ability

除く (nozoku): to exclude, to except

望み (nozomi): hope, desire, wish

望む (nozomu): to desire, to wish for

抜ける (nukeru): to come out, to fall out

抜く (nuku): to extract, to omit

布 (nuno): cloth

入学 (nyuugaku): matriculation

入院 (nyuuin): hospitalization

入場 (nyuujou): entrance, admission

入力 (nyuuryoku): input, (data) entry​

入社 (nyuusha): joining a company

溺れる (oboreru): to drown

帯 (obi): obi, kimono sash

落ち着く (ochitsuku): to calm down, to compose oneself

穏やか (odayaka): calm, gentle, quiet

終える (oeru): to finish

老い (oi): old age, old person

お辞儀 (ojigi): bow, bowing

丘 (oka): hill, height

沖 (oki): open sea

起こる (okoru): to occur, to happen

奥 (oku): inner part

贈る (okuru): to give (as a gift)

主に (omo ni): mainly, primarily

思い出 (omoide): memories

思わず (omowazu): unintentionally

おむつ: diaper, nappy

恩 (on): favor, debt of gratitude

温暖 (ondan): warm, mild

温度 (ondo): temperature

鬼 (oni): demon

温泉 (onsen): hot spring​

追い付く (oitsuku): to catch up with

大雨 (ooame): heavy rain​

大型 (oogata): large, larged-size

大いに (ooi ni): very, much, greatly

覆う (oou): to cover, to conceal

大家 (ooya): landlord, landlady

大雪 (ooyuki): heavy snow​

下す (orosu): to lower, to drop

降ろす (orosu): to take down, to unload

収める (osameru): to dedicate, to supply

幼い (osanai): very young, childish

抑える (osaeru): to restrain, to control

汚染 (osen): pollution, contamination

お喋り (oshaberi): chattering, talk

おしまい: the end, closing

おすすめ: recommendation, suggestion

劣る (otoru): to be inferior to

恐らく (osoraku): perhaps, likely

恐れる (osoreru): to fear, to be afraid of

恐ろしい (osoroshii): terrible, dreadful

お互い (otagai): mutual

おとなしい: obedient, docile, quiet​

追う (ou): to chase, to run after

応募 (oubo): application, enlistment

応援 (ouen): aid, assistance, help

往復 (oufuku): making a round trip

王/王様 (ou/ousama): king, ruler

横断 (oudan): crossing, traverse

王子 (ouji): prince

応じる (oujiru): to respond, to comply

応用 (ouyou): putting to practical use​

終 (owari): the end

及ぼす (oyobosu): to exert, to cause

泳ぎ (oyogi): swimming

凡そ (oyoso): about, roughly

ぺらぺら: fluently

ぴったり (pittari): exactly, tightly

楽 (raku): comfort, ease

例 (rei): example, case

礼儀 (reigi): manners, courtesy

冷静 (reisei): calm, composure

連絡先 (renrakusaki): contact address​

練習 (renshuu): practice, practicing

連想 (rensou): association of ideas

連続 (renzoku): serial, consecutive

列車 (ressha): train (ordinary)

列 (retsu): queue, line

利益 (rieki): profit, gains

理解 (rikai): understanding, comprehension

離婚 (rikon): divorce

利口 (rikou): clever, intelligent

立派 (rippa): splendid, fine

理想 (risou): ideal

率 (ritsu): rate, ratio

利用者 (riyousha): user, consumer​

論文 (ronbun): thesis, essay

論じる (ronjiru): to argue, to debate

論争 (ronsou): controversy, dispute

労働 (roudou): manual labor, work

老人 (roujin): the aged, old person

量 (ryou): quantity, amount

両替 (ryougae): change, money exchange

料金 (ryoukin): fee, charge, fare

領収書 (ryoushuusho): hand-written receipt​

留学 (ryuugaku): studying abroad

流行 (ryuukou): fashion, vogue

差 (sa): difference, variation

砂漠 (sabaku): desert

差別 (sabetsu): discrimination

作業 (sagyou): work, operation

作法 (sahou): manners, etiquette

裁判 (saiban): trial, judgement

最上 (saijou): best

参加者 (sankasha): participant, entrant​

最高 (saikou): highest, supreme

才能 (sainou): talent, ability

最終 (saishuu): last, final

最低 (saitei): least, lowest, worst

幸い (saiwai): happiness, luckily

境 (sakai): border, boundery

逆らう (sakarau): to go against, to oppose

盛り (sakari): peak, height

叫ぶ (sakebu): to shout, to cry

避ける (sakeru): to avoid, to ward off

作家 (sakka): author, writer

作曲 (sakkyoku): composition

作品 (sakuhin): work, production

作物 (sakumotsu): produce, crops

桜 (sakura): cherry blossom

覚ます (samasu): to awaken

覚める (sameru): to wake up

様々 (samazama): varied, various

参加 (sanka): participation

参考 (sankou): reference, consultation

賛成 (sansei): approval, agreement

酸素 (sanso): oxygen

さっぱり (sappari): feeling refreshed

更に (sara ni): furthermore, again

去る (saru): to leave, to go away

猿 (saru): monkey

支える (sasaeru): to support, to prop

誘う (sasou): to invite, to call for

指す (sasu): to point, to indicate

さっそく: at once, immediately

偖 (sate): well, now, then

札 (satsu): note, paper money

騒ぎ (sawagi): uproar, disturbance

左右 (sayuu): left and right, control

正 (sei): true, regular

性 (sei): gender

所為 (sei): consequence, result, blame

製 (sei): -made, make​

性別 (seibetsu): gender

生物 (seibutsu): living things

成長 (seichou): growth, grow to adulthood

制度 (seido): system, institution

政府 (seifu): government, administration

制服 (seifuku): uniform

制限 (seigen): restriction, restraint

製品 (seihin): manufactured goods

政治家 (seijika): politician, statesman​

成人 (seijin): adult

正常 (seijou): normalcy, normality

正解 (seikai): correct, right

性格 (seikaku): character, personality

正確 (seikaku): accurate, punctual

清潔 (seiketsu): clean, sanitary

世紀 (seiki): century, era

成功 (seikou): success, hit

請求 (seikyuu): claim, demand, charge

生命 (seimei): life, existence

青年 (seinen): youth, young man

整理 (seiri): sorting, arrangement

生産 (seisan): production, manufacture

成績 (seiseki): results, grade

正式 (seishiki): official, formality

精神 (seishin): spirit, heart, mind

精々 (seizei): at the most, at best

製造 (seizou): manufacture, production

世間 (seken): world, society

咳 (seki): cough

責任 (sekinin): duty, responsibility

石炭 (sekitan): coal

石油 (sekiyu): oil, petroleum

せっかく: with trouble, at great pains

設計 (sekkei): plan, design, layout

積極的 (sekkyokuteki): assertive, positive

責める (semeru): to blame, to condemn

宣伝 (senden): publicity, advertisement

先日 (senjitsu): the other day

専攻 (senkou): major subject

専門 (senmon): specialty, area of expertise​

専門家 (senmonka): specialist, expert

選手 (senshu): player, team member

選択 (sentaku): selection, choice

説 (setsu): theory

設備 (setsubi): equipment, device

説明会 (setsumeikai): information session, briefing

節約 (setsuyaku): economizing, saving

喋る (shaberu): to talk, to chat

車道 (shadou): roadway

社員 (shain): company employee​

借金 (shakkin): debt, loan, liabilities

詩 (shi): poem

幸せ (shiawase): happiness, good fortune

芝居 (shibai): play, drama

芝生 (shibafu): lawn

縛る (shibaru): to tie, to bind, to fasten​

屡々 (shibashiba): often, again and again

死亡 (shibou): death, mortality

次第に (shidai ni): gradually, in sequence

指導 (shidou): leadership, guidance

指導者 (shidousha): leader, guide

刺激 (shigeki): stimulus, impetus

資源 (shigen): resources

支配 (shihai): domination, rule

支払い (shiharai): payment

支払う (shiharau): to pay

始発 (shihatsu): first train, first bus

資本 (shihon): funds, capital

詩人 (shijin): poet

然も (shika mo): moreover, furthermore

式 (shiki): equation, ceremony, style

頻りに (shikiri ni): frequently, repeatedly

湿気 (shikke): moisture, humidity, dampness​

支給 (shikyuu): provision, supply

姉妹 (shimai): sisters

仕舞う (shimau): to finish, to stop

締め切り (shimekiri): deadline, closing

占める (shimeru): to occupy, to hold

締める (shimeru): to tie, to fasten, to tighten

示す (shimesu): to show, to indicate

霜 (shimo): frost

品 (shina): article, item, goods

身長 (shinchou): height (of body), stature

慎重 (shinchou): careful, cautious, prudent

進学 (shingaku): entering a higher-level school

信号 (shingou): signal, traffic light

信じる (shinjiru): to believe, to trust

新幹線 (shinkansen): Shinkansen, bullet train​

神経 (shinkei): nerve, sensitivity

真剣 (shinken): seriousness, earnestness

深刻 (shinkoku): serious, severe

信仰 (shinkou): faith, belief

信念 (shinnen): belief, faith, conviction

新入生 (shinnyuusei): new student, freshman

審判 (shinpan): refereeing, trial

進歩 (shinpo): progress, advance

信頼 (shinrai): reliance, trust

心理 (shinri): state of mind, mentality

森林 (shinrin): forest, woods​

診察 (shinsatsu): medical examination

親戚 (shinseki): relative, relation

新鮮 (shinsen): fresh

信用 (shin’you): confidence, credit

親友 (shin’yuu): close friend

心臓 (shinzou): heart, guts, nerve

調べ物 (shirabemono): matter to be checked or investigated​

知らせ (shirase): news, notice

尻 (shiri): buttocks, bottom

知り合い (shiriai): acquaintance

知り合う (shiriau): to get to know (someone)

城 (shiro): castle

印 (shirushi): seal, stamp, mark

資料 (shiryou): materials, data, document​

姿勢 (shisei): posture, attitude

試食 (shishoku): sampling food​

支出 (shishutsu): expenditure

思想 (shisou): thought, idea

舌 (shita): tongue

従う (shitagau): to abide (by the rules)

親しい (shitashii): intimate, close

指定 (shitei): assignment, appointment

支店 (shiten): branch office

質 (shitsu): quality, value

失望 (shitsubou): disappointment, despair

湿度 (shitsudo): level of humidity​

失業 (shitsugyou): unemployment

しつこい: obstinate, persistent

室内 (shitsunai): indoor, inside the room​

市役所 (shiyakusho): municipal office, city hall​

使用 (shiyou): use, application

自然 (shizen): nature, natural

沈む (shizumu): to sink, to go under

食器 (shokki): tableware

職 (shoku): job, work, employment

職場 (shokuba): place of work, workplace

植物 (shokubutsu): plant, vegetation

職業 (shokugyou): occupation, business

食品 (shokuhin): food, foodstuff

食物 (shokumotsu): food, foodstuff

食卓 (shokutaku): dining table

食欲 (shokuyoku): appetite (for food)

食料 (shokuryou): food

食糧 (shokuryou): provisions, food supply

署名 (shomei): signature

書物 (shomotsu): books

処理 (shori): processing, dealing with

書類 (shorui): documents, official papers

書斎 (shosai): study, library

章 (shou): chapter, section

賞 (shou): prize, award

商売 (shoubai): trade, business

消防 (shoubou): fire fighting

承知 (shouchi): knowledge, awareness

障害 (shougai): obstacle, impediment

奨学金 (shougakukin): scholarship

小学生 (shougakusei): primary school student

正午 (shougo): noon, midday

消費 (shouhi): consumption, expenditure

商品 (shouhin): commodity, goods

正直 (shoujiki): honesty, integrity

生じる (shoujiru): to produce, to yield

少女 (shoujo): little girl, young lady

症状 (shoujou): symptoms, condition

証明 (shoumei): proof, verification

少年 (shounen): boy, juvenile

商人 (shounin): trader, merchant

承認 (shounin): recognition, acknowledgement

小説家 (shousetsuka): novelist, fiction writer​

少々 (shoushou): just a minute

衝突 (shoutotsu): collision, crash

出張 (shucchou): official tour, business trip

主張 (shuchou): claim, insistence

手段 (shudan): means, way, measure

主婦 (shufu): housewife, mistress

主義 (shugi): principle, rule, doctrine

手術 (shujutsu): surgical operation

瞬間 (shunkan): moment, instant, second

出勤 (shukkin): going to work, leaving for work

縮小 (shukushou): reduction, curtailment​

種類 (shurui): variety, kind, type

首相 (shushou): Prime Minister

首都 (shuto): capital city

宿泊 (shukuhaku): lodging

出版 (shuppan): publication

主要 (shuyou): chief, main, principle

出身 (shusshin): person’s origin

集中 (shuuchuu): concentration

集団 (shuudan): group, mass

集合 (shuugou): gathering, assembly, meeting​

周囲 (shuui): surroundings, environs

収穫 (shuukaku): harvest, crop

週間 (shuukan): week

週刊 (shuukan): weekly publication​

宗教 (shuukyou): religion

週末 (shuumatsu): weekend

収入 (shuunyuu): income, revenue

修理 (shuuri): repairing, mending

終了 (shuuryou): end, close, termination​

修正 (shuusei): amendment, correction

就職 (shuushoku): finding employment

終点 (shuuten): terminus, last stop (e.g. train)​

育つ (sodatsu): to be raised

袖 (sode): sleeve

祖父母 (sofubo): grandparents

底 (soko): bottom, sole

速度 (sokudo): speed, velocity

そっくり (sokkuri): all, together, just like

粗末 (somatsu): rude, rough, plain

損 (son): loss, disadvantage

備える (sonaeru): to furnish, to provide for

尊重 (sonchou): respect, esteem

損害 (songai): damage, injury, loss

尊敬 (sonkei): respect, esteem

存在 (sonzai): existence, being

夫々 (sorezore): each, respectively​

注ぐ (sosogu): to pour into, to fill

組織 (soshiki): organization

装置 (souchi): equipment, installation

早朝 (souchou): early morning

掃除機 (soujiki): vacuum cleaner​

騒音 (souon): noise

操作 (sousa): operation, management

早退 (soutai): leaving early​

相当 (soutou): considerable, suitable

相続 (souzoku): succession, inheritance

想像 (souzou): imagination, guess

そっと: secretly, gently

巣 (su): nest, hive

全て (subete): everything, all

末 (sue): tip, top, end, close

姿 (sugata): figure, form, shape

筋 (suji): muscle

過ごす (sugosu): to pass (time)

優れる (sugureru): to surpass, to excel

水準 (suijun): level, standard

睡眠 (suimin): sleep

推薦 (suisen): recommendation, referral

救う (sukuu): to rescue from

済ませる (sumaseru): to finish

鋭い (surudoi): sharp, pointed

進める (susumeru): to advance, to promote

勧める (susumeru): to recommend

素敵 (suteki): lovely, beautiful

数字 (suuji): numeral, figure, digit

束 (taba): bundle, bunch

旅 (tabi): travel, trip, journey

度々 (tabitabi): often, again and again

多分 (tabun): perhaps, probably

立場 (tachiba): standpoint, position

立上る (tachiagaru): to stand up

唯 (tada): ordinary, free of charge

直ちに (tadachi ni): at once, immediately

互い (tagai): mutual, reciprocal

態度 (taido): attitude, manner

大半 (taihan): majority, more than half

逮捕 (taiho): arrest, apprehension

体育 (taiiku): physical education

体育館 (taiikukan): gymnasium

体重 (taijuu): (body) weight​

大会 (taikai): convention, tournament

大気 (taiki): atmosphere

退屈 (taikutsu): tedium, boredom

体温 (taion): body temperature

平ら (taira): flatness, level

大陸 (tairiku): continent

体力 (tairyoku): physical strength, stamina

大量 (tairyou): large quantity, mass

大戦 (taisen): great war, great battle

大使 (taishi): ambassador

大した (taishita): considerable, great

対象 (taishou): target, object

体操 (taisou): gymnastics, physical exercises

対する (tai suru): to face (each other)

大抵 (taitei): mostly, usually

太陽 (taiyou): sun, solar

滞在 (taizai): staying, sojourn

宝 (takara): treasure

弾 (tama): ball, sphere, globe, bullet

貯まる (tamaru): to be saved up (of money)​

偶々 (tamatama): casually, unexpectedly

貯める (tameru): to save up (money)

試し (tameshi): trial, test

試す (tamesu): to try out, to test

種 (tane): seed, kind, variety

単語 (tango): word, vocabulary

谷 (tani): valley

単位 (tan’i): unit, denomination

短気 (tanki): quick temper, short temper​

他人 (ta’nin): another person, others

単なる (tannaru): mere, simple, sheer

単に (tan ni): simply, merely

誕生 (tanjou): birth, creation

単純 (tanjun): simplicity, simple

楽しむ (tanoshimu): to enjoy (oneself)​

担当 (tantou): being in charge

倒す (taosu): to bring down

確かめる (tashikameru): to ascertain, to check

多少 (tashou): more or less, somewhat

達する (tassuru): to reach, to get to

助ける (tasukeru): to save, to rescue

戦い (tatakai): battle, fight

戦う (tatakau): to fight, to struggle

叩く (tataku): to strike, to beat

縦 (tate): the vertical, height

立て直す (tatenaosu): to restore, to revive

経つ (tatsu): to pass, to lapse

便り (tayori): news, tidings

頼る (tayoru): to rely on

提案 (teian): proposal, suggestion

停電 (teiden): power outage, blackout

程度 (teido): degree, amount

定期 (teiki): fixed period, fixed term

抵抗 (teikou): resistance, opposition

停留所 (teiryuujou): bus stop, tram stop

停車 (teisha): stopping (of a train, car, etc.)

定食 (teishoku): set meal

提出 (teishutsu): to present, to submit

手品 (tejina): sleight of hand, magic

敵 (teki): opponent, rival

適する (teki suru): to fit, to suit

適度 (tekido): moderate

適切 (tekisetsu): adequate, appropriate

適用 (tekiyou): applying, adoption

手間 (tema): time, labor

典型 (tenkei): pattern, model

天候 (tenkou): weather

店内 (tennai): store interior​

天然 (tennen): nature, spontaneity

徹底 (tettei): thoroughness, completeness

鉄 (tetsu): iron

手伝い (tetsudai): assistant, help

鉄道 (tetsudou): railroad, railway

哲学 (tetsugaku): philosophy

徹夜 (tetsuya): all night

飛ばす (tobasu): to fly, to skip over

土地 (tochi): plot of land, soil

届く (todoku): to reach, to be delivered

徒歩 (toho): walking, going on foot​

問い (toi): question, query

閉じる (tojiru): to close (book, eyes)

都会 (tokai): city

解ける (tokeru): to be solved, to loosen

時 (toki): time, hour, moment, occasion

解く (toku): to untie, to solve

特徴 (tokuchou): feature, trait

得意 (tokui): one’s strong point, frequent customer

留める (tomaru): to stop, to turn off

友 (tomo): friend, companion

兎に角 (tonikaku): anyhow, at any rate

とんでも無い (tondemonai): unthinkable

通り (toori): avenue, street

通り過ぎる (toorisugiru): to pass through

通す (toosu): to force through, to let pass

虎 (tora): tiger

取れる (toreru): to come off, to be removed

取上げる (toriageru): to take up, to pick up

都市 (toshi): town, city

年月 (toshitsuki): months and years

年寄 (toshiyori): old people, the aged

図書 (tosho): books

突然 (totsuzen): abrupt, sudden

党 (tou): party (political)

塔 (tou): tower, pagoda

答案 (touan): examination paper

到着 (touchaku): arrival

投票 (touhyou): voting, poll

当日 (toujitsu): appointed day, very day​

当然 (touzen): natural

登山 (tozan): mountain climbing

翼 (tsubasa): wing

土 (tsuchi): earth, soil, dirt

次々 (tsugitsugi): in succession, one by one

遂に (tsui ni): finally, at last

捕まる (tsukamaru): to be caught

掴む (tsukamu): to seize, to catch

疲れ (tsukare): tiredness, fatigue

付合い (tsukiai): association, socializing

付き合う (tsukiau): to associate with, to go out with

就く (tsuku): to take (seat, position)

詰める (tsumeru): to stuff into, to jam

罪 (tsumi): crime, sin, wrongdoing

積もる (tsumoru): to pile up, to accumulate

繋ぐ (tsunagu): to connect, to link together

常に (tsune ni): always, constantly

角 (tsuno): horn

辛い (tsurai): painful, bitter

連れ (tsure): companion, company

釣 (tsuri): fishing, angling

伝わる (tsutawaru): to be transmitted

勤め (tsutome): service, duty, business

包み (tsutsumi): bundle, package, parcel

通知 (tsuuchi): notice, notification

通学 (tsuugaku): commuting to school

通じる (tsuujiru): to lead to, to be understood

通過 (tsuuka): passage through

通勤 (tsuukin): commuting to work​

通行 (tsuukou): passage, passing

通信 (tsuushin): correspondence, communication

通訳 (tsuuyaku): interpretation

梅雨 (tsuyu): rainy season

続き (tsuzuki): sequel, continuation

奪う (ubau): to snatch away

宇宙 (uchuu): universe, cosmos

動かす (ugokasu): to move, to shift

伺う (ukagau): to ask, to inquire

受け取る (uketoru): to receive, to get

うっかり: carelessly, thoughtlessly

浮く (uku): to float​

馬 (uma): horse

生まれ (umare): birth, birthplace

梅 (ume): plum, plum tree

埋める (umeru): to bury, to fill up

生む: to give birth, to produce

運 (un): fortune, luck

唸る (unaru): to groan, to moan

運動会 (undoukai): athletic meet, sports day​

裏側 (uragawa): the reverse, other side

羨ましい (urayamashii): envious, jealous

裏切る (uragiru): to betray

売れる (ureru): to sell well

売り切れる (urikireru): to be sold out​

兎 (usagi): rabbit, hare

牛 (ushi): cattle, cow

失う (ushinau): to lose

疑う (utagau): to doubt, to distrust

撃つ (utsu): to shoot, to attack

移す (utsusu): to transfer, to move

訴える (uttaeru): to appeal, to sue

噂 (uwasa): rumor, gossip

輪 (wa): ring, circle, loop

話題 (wadai): topic, subject

我が家 (wagaya): one’s house, one’s home

若者 (wakamono): young people

別れ (wakare): parting, separation

訳 (wake): reason, cause, meaning

分ける (wakeru): to divide

脇 (waki): beside, close to, nearby

湾 (wan): bay, gulf

笑い (warai): laugh, laughter

我々 (wareware): we

割 (wari): rate, ratio, proportion

割引 (waribiki): discount, reduction

割る (waru): to divide, to cut

悪口 (warukuchi): bad mouth, insult

僅か (wazuka): only, merely

破る (yaburu): to tear, to break

家賃 (yachin): rent

宿 (yado): inn, lodging

矢張り (yahari): as expected

夜間 (yakan): night, nighttime​

厄介 (yakkai): trouble, nuisance

役 (yaku): use, service, role

約 (yaku): approximately, about

役立つ (yakudatsu): to be useful, to be helpful

役割 (yakuwari): part, role, duties

野球 (yakyuu): baseball

山登り (yamanobori): mountain climbing

辞める (yameru): to retire, to resign

屋根 (yane): roof

やり直す (yarinaosu): to do over again, to redo

雇う (yatou): to employ, to hire

夜明け (yoake): dawn, daybreak

予防 (yobou): prevention, precaution

余分 (yobun): extra, excess

汚れ (yogore): dirt, filth, stain

予報 (yohou): forecast, prediction

予期 (yoki): expectation, forecast

横切る (yokogiru): to cross, to traverse

横 (yoko): horizontal, beside

翌朝 (yokuasa): next morning​

翌年 (yokutoshi): following year​

嫁 (yome): wife, bride

読み (yomi): reading

夜中 (yonaka): midnight, dead of night

世の中 (yo no naka): world, society

喜び (yorokobi): joy, delight

予算 (yosan): estimate, budget

予測 (yosoku): prediction, estimation

予想 (yosou): expectation, prediction

予想外 (yosougai): unexpected, unforeseen

止す (yosu): to cease, to desist

酔う (you): to get drunk

容易 (youi): easy, simple, plain

容器 (youki): container, vessel

用心 (youjin): care, precaution

陽気 (youki): weather, cheerful

要求 (youkyuu): demand, firm request

用紙 (youshi): blank form​

要素 (youso): element, factor, component

様子 (yousu): state, appearance

要点 (youten): gist, main point

ようやく: finally, at last

余裕 (yoyuu): surplus, margin

唯一 (yuiitsu): only, sole, unique

ゆるい: loose

床 (yuka): floor

愉快 (yukai): pleasant, happy

行き (yuki): bound for, going to

行き先 (yukisaki): destination, whereabouts

許す (yurusu): to permit, to allow

豊か (yutaka): abundant, wealthy

郵便 (yuubin): mail service

遊園地 (yuuenchi): amusement park

夕方 (yuugata): evening, dusk​

友人 (yuujin): friend

友情 (yuujou): friendship, fellowship

勇気 (yuuki): courage, bravery

有効 (yuukou): validity, effectiveness

友好 (yuukou): friendship

有能 (yuunou): capable, efficient

有利 (yuuri): advantageous, profitable

有料 (yuuryou): fee-charging, paid

優勝 (yuushou): championship, overall victory

優秀 (yuushuu): superiority, excellence

郵送 (yuusou): mailing, posting​

譲る (yuzuru): to hand over, to surrender

稍 (yaya): a little, partially

材料 (zairyou): ingredients, material

財産 (zaisan): property, fortune, assets

残業 (zangyou): overtime (work)​

座席 (zaseki): seat

ざっと (zatto): roughly, in rough number

是非 (zehi): certainly, without fail

税金 (zeikin): tax, duty

贅沢 (zeitaku): luxury, extravagance

善 (zen): good, goodness, virtue

前後 (zengo): before and after​, front and rear

全員 (zen’in): all members, everyone

前日 (zenjitsu): previous day, day before

全国 (zenkoku): countrywide, nationwide

前者 (zensha): the former

前進 (zenshin): advance, drive, progress

全身 (zenshin): whole (body), full-length

全体 (zentai): whole, entirety

絶対 (zettai): absolutely

絶滅 (zetsumetsu): destruction, exinction

象 (zou): elephant

増加 (zouka): increase

図 (zu): drawing, picture, diagram

随分 (zuibun): very, extremely

ずっと (zutto): continuously in some state

頭痛 (zutsuu): headache

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